Volume 4, Issue 2, December 2020, Page: 41-44
Patterson-Kelly Syndrome: A Single Centre Experience
Ramesh Satarkar, Satarkar Gastroenterology Centre, Aurangabad, Maharashtra, India
Received: Jun. 28, 2020;       Accepted: Jul. 16, 2020;       Published: Aug. 4, 2020
DOI: 10.11648/j.ijg.20200402.13      View  85      Downloads  38
Abstract
Background: Patterson Kelly syndrome is a rare entity, presenting with a triad of Iron deficiency anemia, Dysphagia and Esophageal webs. The syndrome is extremely rare and its incidence is decreasing probably due to improvements in nutritional standards. The syndrome is enigmatic in the sense that not all patients may be having anemia, the syndrome is associated with various autoimmune conditions, webs are located in post-cricoid region only and there is increased prevalence of upper gastrointestinal malignancies in these patients. The symptoms respond to iron replacement but many patients require rupture of web for relief of dysphagia. Savary dilators, TTS balloon, electro-cautery have been variably used to break the web. Objectives: 1. To study the profile of Patterson Kelly syndrome at our center; 2. To study if the endoscope itself can be used as effective dilator for rupturing the web; 3. To study the effect of iron replacement in these patients; 4. To study the occurrence of upper gastrointestinal malignancies in this condition. Material and methods: We report our experience of sixteen patients with Patterson Kelly syndrome over last fifteen years. This is a retrospective, single center, observational study. All patients had demonstrable web on endoscopy. The endoscope itself was used as a dilator to break the web in more than half of the patients. The endoscope being rigid instrument can easily break the thin web during diagnostic endoscopy itself. If the opening was too narrow, TTS balloon or Savary Guilard dilators were used. One patient had a perforation while using endoscope as the dilator. Five patients required more than one sitting of dilatation for achieving relief of dysphagia or for recurrent web formation. Most patients received intravenous iron supplementation. Ten patients had complete relief of dysphagia without recurrence. One patient had concomitant esophageal squamous cell carcinoma in lower esophagus which became evident when the scope was passed distally, post dilatation of the web. Conclusions: Although rare, Patterson Kelly syndrome continues to exist and can be effectively treated by iron replacement, dilatation and rupture of esophageal webs using various methods. The web can be ruptured by careful maneuvering of the endoscope itself. Intravenous iron replacement can be used prior to the procedure which can ameliorate the symptoms and reduce the need for the dilatation or can make it easier. Patients need surveillance for upper gastrointestinal malignancies however exact guidelines in this regard are lacking.
Keywords
Patterson Kelly Syndrome, Esophageal Webs, Dysphagia, Iron Deficiency Anemia
To cite this article
Ramesh Satarkar, Patterson-Kelly Syndrome: A Single Centre Experience, International Journal of Gastroenterology. Vol. 4, No. 2, 2020, pp. 41-44. doi: 10.11648/j.ijg.20200402.13
Copyright
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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